Encyclopedia Of Celtic Mythology And Folklore _HOT_
This latest attempt to bring order out of chaos is an encyclopedia of approximately 1,000 entries covering individuals both mythological and quasi-historical, epics, themes, religious concepts, places, and artifacts. Irish mythology predominates, but continental Celtic figures, even those who are only a name in a local region, such as Britovius, are included.
Encyclopedia of Celtic Mythology and Folklore
Irish mythology is the body of myths native to the island of Ireland. It was originally passed down orally in the prehistoric era, being part of ancient Celtic religion. Many myths were later written down in the early medieval era by Christian scribes, who modified and Christianized them to some extent. This body of myths is the largest and best preserved of all the branches of Celtic mythology. The tales and themes continued to be developed over time, and the oral tradition continued in Irish folklore alongside the written tradition, but the main themes and characters remained largely consistent.
The Oilliphéist is a sea serpent-like monster in Irish mythology and folklore. These monsters were believed to inhabit many lakes and rivers in Ireland and there are many legends of saints and heroes fighting them.
In the mythology and folklore of the Celts and Ossetians, there is one of the most ancient motives: the motif of golden apples. Gold, the image of the sun on earth, is the embodiment of sunlight in most ancient cultures and, therefore, divined knowledge, and red symbolizes wisdom, immortality, exaltation and higher spiritual predestination (Kirlo, 2010).
Even if a leprechaun is caught, the captor must keep them always within sight or they will not give away the location of their treasure, usually a crock of gold coins. Leprechauns share many characteristics with more ancient creatures from Irish-Celtic and wider European mythology, but since the 19th century CE, they have risen to the dominant position of being the most recognisable symbol of Irish folklore.
Yet another antecedent is the far darrig, who is an ugly little fairy with a wrinkled old face. In some regions of Ireland, he is very tall while wherever he is regarded as being small he can, at least, change his size at will. He is very fond of practical jokes, but some of these can be lethal and hence he might be considered an evil leprechaun. The one good trait of a far darrig is that he can, if he so wishes, release people who become trapped in fairyland. Finally, the mouros of folklore from Celtic Galicia and Asturias (both in Spain) guard tombs and are associated with hidden treasure. As we shall see, the leprechauns borrowed features from all of these creatures in their rise towards dominance of Irish mythology and folklore as everyone's favourite fairy.
John Matthews was born in the North of England in 1948. He has been a professional writer since 1980, and has produced over forty books ranging from Celtic and Arthurian legends to collections of stories, essays, and poetry He has given workshops in Britain, Central Europe, and America and is primarily concerned with the interpretation of myth. He is an internationally renowned authority on mythology and folklore with a special interest in the Arthurian and Grail traditions and Celtic lore. Matthews best known works are The Grail: Quest for Eternal Life, Taliesin: Shamanism and the Bardic Mysteries in Britain and Ireland, and The Celtic Shaman. Other books include Arthur and the Grail Quest, Within the Hollow Hills, and The Winter Solstice, which won the Benjamin Franklin Award in 1998. Matthews has also co-authored with his wife, Caitlin Matthews, a study of the Western mystery tradition, The Western Way. Together they designed and wrote the best-selling Arthurian Tarot, which has sold more than 50,000 copies and has been translated into several languages. 041b061a72